Cash and Notes... Continued
a nutshell, money is anything accepted as a medium
of exchange and the retirement of debt. Cash,
on the other hand, is currency, or paper a government
has decreed to be legal tender, which is supposed
to represent values. Take time to ponder on these definitions
for a second.
like to think of credit cards as money, but credit cards are not money. Why?
Because while credit cards are generally accepted as a medium of
exchange, credit cards create debt, they do not retire debt.
(I knew there had to be a catch.) This is why paying off your MasterCard with
your Visa catches up to you sooner or later.
these definitions in mind, let’s look at examples where not all cash is
money, and not all money is cash. We further can see that money
takes in a wide variety of goods and, yes, services, too. For example, “sweat
equity”, the trading of services for interest in real estate is a no
cash technique, but it is not a no money technique. The services that
one uses to acquire the real estate is, in fact, money, but not
cash. The exchanging of services was used as a medium of exchange for
interest in real estate. Another example would be the exchanging raw land for an
apartment house. By definition, both the land and apartment house are a form of
money because both were used as a medium of exchange to acquire the
other. Perhaps you can think of examples in your everyday life where
you have made trades, with no cash involved. The parent telling the
teenager to mow the yard, and he can have the car tonight, has just bartered
and exchanged values. To the teenager the use of the car was a good medium
of exchange for his services of mowing the yard. And likewise, the parent,
letting the teenager use the family car as a medium of exchange for cutting
the grass. (How much sweating the parent does when the teenager is out in
the car is a different matter.)
you know that even though there is no cash involved, there is money
involved in all transactions. In
the dawn of trade, barter was used as the medium of exchange. Trading
goods and services for other goods and services was taking place millenniums
before the concept of cash or currency evolved. Trading goods and
services for goods and services is a form of using money without using cash.
example, I know we have all heard the phrase, "not worth his salt."
This came from ancient Rome, when the Roman soldiers were paid in salt,
not cash. Salt was a medium of exchange, and therefore money.
(In a future issue, the PROFESSOR will discuss money and its
history. Very important to know, whether you are going to be investing in real
estate or baseball cards)
PROFESOR, I understand what you are saying about other things
besides cash being money, and that all money is not cash, but how
in the name of the Federal Reserve Board, can you say that all cash is
not money? A prime example would be in today's Argentina where their currency,
or cash, is worthless. Grain seeds and other goods and services have
replaced Argentina’s useless fiat money as a medium of exchange.
The people will not accept Argentina's cash, but they will accept grain
seeds. Therefore, cash in Argentina's case no longer serves as money.
We have all heard of the phrase, "not worth a Continental".
This came from our Revolutionary War period, where the currency of the time,
the "Continental" had no value. It was only paper and it was back by
nothing. (Sort of reminds you of our dollar today, doesn't it?)
of us who remember the almost runaway inflation of the 70s and 80s, know
that often goods and services had more value than did cash. Often, goods
were demanded as the medium of exchange, not cash, and it was
common to convert your cash to anything from autos to real estate. Because
inflation almost instantly increased equity in properties, 1031 tax deferred
exchanges were desirable to cash sales in order to preserve equity. For this
reason, frequently cash would not be accepted for real estate, but like
kind property would be accepted. Cash was then by definition not money
because it was not accepted as a medium of exchange.
example of cash not being money is being on an island where the natives are not
privy to the wonders of cash. Even though you might have a million dollars in cash,
try to use this to buy food or water. Here are instances where cash is
not money. Remember that you are learning concepts here. Should economic
situations change from the easy money model we have now, you will be able
to adjust to market conditions by understanding the difference between cash
but wise Professor, how do notes relate to money,
cash and real estate? Notes are nothing more
that the promise to pay a debt over a period of time. Notes
can either be secured or non secured. Although there are other
forms of note repayment, relative to real estate, notes
are generally paid in a series of cash payments. Notes
are in essence cash, but this cash is paid over
a period of time. This is why it is called cash
When you take back a note for $1000 to be repaid
in one year, the note is therefore cash, to be paid
in one year. How much is this $1000 worth today? This can
be learned by going to the EDUCATIONAL section of HOW
TO DISCOUNT a Series of Payments. But what is important
here is the concept that notes are the same as cash,
paid over time.
real estate arena of the 80s, when there was little or no cash, and financing
was either impossible or too expensive (seems hard to believe today, doesn't
it?), notes were used regularly as both money and currency.
It was the acceptable course of business for the owners to take back a
note, or in other words, owner finance, in order to dispose of their
real estate. It was also not uncommon to trade these notes on other real
estate. (Yes, there were tax ramifications, but that comes up in future
issues of the NOTE PROFESSOR NEWSLETTER.)
Notes therefore, became a form of money, because notes
were accepted as a medium of exchange.
it is a lost art, notes are accepted as a medium of exchange
today. In the world of real estate, who would accept
a note as a medium of exchange? Anyone who would
be willing to carry back a note to dispose of
his property, or a motivated seller, that’s who. Think
about it; if you would be willing to take back a note to sell
your property, and you were offered a replacement note that
was as good, if not better, than the note you were going to
carry back, would you not strongly consider it? Of course,
Also a distressed seller would be more than
willing to accept a note as a medium of exchange. Successful
people are using these note techniques everyday. In
section, “Make Money by Overpaying and Under Selling”,
one of the profitable techniques of how to use notes as
money will greatly increase your wealth and net worth. As
interest rates start to rise, and we move from an “easy
money” economy, to a tight money economy, owner financing
and notes will replace mortgage brokers and bankers
for funding of real estate.
I hope I have shown that all cash is not money, and that all money
is not cash, and how notes can be both. Remember that notes
are merely cash paid over a period of time, and notes can effectively
be used as money. When you learn the different techniques of exchanging and
trading paper for assets, you will be way ahead of most of the “wanna be’s”,
who know only the “easy money” way of dealing in real estate. But when the
“easy money” runs dry, you will have the knowledge and confidence
to adjust if you know
the concepts of money, cash and notes.
The Professor with your questions or comments. It is from
your questions that I get topics for my newsletters.
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